Master Papper_Medium proposal

# Medium- Interactive Media( Technology, Art and Environment) 

Benjamin described an influential concept, the technique of mechanical reproduction such as Photography and Movie which have significant impact on art production, the way of seeing of artwork, and the relationship between artwork and audience. (Benjamin, 1936)

Throughout 2019, people are getting more curious about the impact on the pace and extent of technological change on society and each person. In the technological history, the technique of photography had a significant impact on art performing. Video art combined art with technology to be a new avenue, and the technology of mixed reality extended the perception of experience, looking at how we can grasp and respond to the seismic shifts these advances will bring about. Kevin Kelly has talked about a topic on Ted talk, “ How Artificial intelligent can bring on a second industrial revolution? ” to explain that there is actually a large aspect of technology that is much more predictable, because technological systems of all sorts have leanings, they have urgencies, they have tendencies. Those tendencies are derived from the very nature of the physics, chemistry of wires and switches and electrons, and they will make reoccurring patterns again and again. (Kelly, 2017)Continuously, those patterns produce these tendencies, these leanings. Cage had commented “Media as the expansion of perception.” and Marshall McLuhan, a philosophers in twentieth century, was saying “Machines are the extensions of the human senses.” (McLuhan, 1964) After understanding the knowledge of technology, I am interested in how can I learn from the technological history to reach out the new possibilities and avenue with the latest medium, technology.

@ Photography 

<Little History of Photography, Walter Benjamin>

Niepce and Daguerre simultaneously succeeded in capturing the images in the camera Obscura. The paved the way for a rapid ongoing development which long precluded any backward glance. The medium of technique has had a significant effect on human civilization since nineteenth century. Benjamin had written, “the most precise technology can give its products a magical value, such as a painted picture can never again have for us. For it is another nature which speaks to the camera rather than to the eye: “other” above all in the sense that a space informed by human consciousness gives way to a space informed by the unconscious.” Photography, with its devices of slow motion and enlargement, reveals the secret. (Benjamin, 1972)

The paved the way for a rapid ongoing development which long precluded any backward glance. The medium of technique has had a significant effect on human civilization since nineteenth century. Benjamin had written, “the most precise technology can give its products a magical value, such as a painted picture can never again have for us. For it is another nature which speaks to the camera rather than to the eye: “other” above all in the sense that a space informed by human consciousness gives way to a space informed by the unconscious.” Photography, with its devices of slow motion and enlargement, reveals the secret. (Benjamin, 1972)

@ Video Art

Even though a few directors filmed experimental movies by traditional camera and medium, such as Un Chien Andalou ,1929, Sony Portapak could be carried and operated by one person and it has made filming becoming easily than ever before. The term “Video ” has evolved so much that it is important to redefine it today. In the 1960s and 70s “Video Art” was the expression which defined the appropriation of video signal and the television set, an appropriation of the world of television to the world of art, a metaphor of seeing according to the artist Nam June Paik who had significant influence in the form of installation art and performance art.With the permanent evolution of technologies, the infiltration of computer related techniques into video, the term “New Media” became more appropriate in the 90s. It allowed it to cover not only video and its developments, but also the combination of video and sound as an artistic practice, as well as the intersections of video and the internet, and also older media such as film, converted to digital systems for the needs of both creation and distribution. (Olivares, Ross and Assche, 2009). Because of the evolution, it brings a new relationship between artist, artwork and audience, reaching out the new way of seeing as theorist Roland Barthes has written a concept, the death of the author. (Seymour, 2018)

# Bibliography

1. Merleau-Ponty, M. and Smith, C. (1945). Phenomenology of perception.

2. Webster, Richard. (2002)  The cult of Lacan: Freud, Lacan and the mirror stage.

3. Gruber, T. (2017). TED Talks, How Ai can enhance our memory work and social lives [online]https://www.ted.com/talks/tom_gruber_how_ai_can_enhance_our_memory_work_and_social_lives

4. Kurzweil, R. (2005). The singularity is near: When Humans Transcend Biology.

5. Donna J. Haraway. (1994). Rudy Rucker, New York: Avon Books.

6. Sobieszek, R. (1999). Ghost in the shell. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

7. Catherine de Zegher.(2003) The Stage of Drawing- Gesture and Act, Tate; 1st edition.

8. Robert M. Young (1996). The Mind-Body Problem, In RC Olby; GN Cantor; JR Christie; MJS Hodges (eds.). Companion to the History of Modern Science (Paperback reprint of Routledge 1990 ed.). 

9. Ryle, G. (2009). The concept of mind. London: Routledge.

10. Morin, A. (2006). Levels of consciousness and self-awareness: A comparison and integration of various neurocognitive views. Consciousness and Cognition, 15(2), pp.358-371.

11.Berger J, (1972) The Way of Seeing. London: The British Broadcasting Corporation.

12. Searle, J., Dennett, D. and Chalmers, D. (1997). The mystery of consciousness. New York: New York Review of Books.

13.Benjamin, W. and Underwood, J. (2008). The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction. London: Penguin Books.

14. Olivares, R., Ross, D. and Assche, C. (2009). 100 video artists =. Madrid: Exit Publicaciones – Rosa Olivares y Asociados.